The law of conservation of energy states that the total energy of an isolated system remains the same. Over time, all energy is conserved. Energy is neither created nor destroyed – instead it transfers from one form to another. Objects in motion have kinetic energy. Thermal energy is energy in a system due to its temperature.
In this experiment, students will:
- Observe how kinetic energy transfers to thermal energy.
- Use evidence collected during the lab to better understand the law of conservation of energy.
- Trace the thermal energy in the sand to energy from sunlight.